2D noise (Perlin noise)

Perlin noise

vec2 random(vec2 uv){
    uv = vec2( dot(uv, vec2(127.1,311.7) ),
               dot(uv, vec2(269.5,183.3) ) );
    return -1.0 + 2.0 * fract(sin(uv) * 43758.5453123);
}

float noise(vec2 uv) {
    vec2 uv_index = floor(uv);
    vec2 uv_fract = fract(uv);

    vec2 blur = smoothstep(0.0, 1.0, uv_fract);

    return mix( mix( dot( random(uv_index + vec2(0.0,0.0) ), uv_fract - vec2(0.0,0.0) ),
                     dot( random(uv_index + vec2(1.0,0.0) ), uv_fract - vec2(1.0,0.0) ), blur.x),
                mix( dot( random(uv_index + vec2(0.0,1.0) ), uv_fract - vec2(0.0,1.0) ),
                     dot( random(uv_index + vec2(1.0,1.0) ), uv_fract - vec2(1.0,1.0) ), blur.x), blur.y) * 0.5 + 0.5;
}

To learn more about noise, see Book of Shaders’ chapter on noise.